2019 Mediterranean Marine Heatwaves

Welcome to Mediterranean Marine Heatwaves (MHW), a regional pilote system on extreme warming events affecting the Mediterranean Sea and coastline.

View MHW maps at 4 km spatial and daily resolution in near real time and more.

 In June 2019, strong Marine Heatwave events have spread and installed over the Mediterranean Sea, triggering a range of biological impacts. This page is intended to share updated information with Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas managers, marine stakeholders and the general interested public. All figures were generated using E.U Copernicus Marine Information Service. Powered by @nat_bensoussan

 

   

MARINE HEATWAVES MAPS

Started in June:

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SST & SST ANOMALY MAPS

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FOR MORE INFORMATION

Extreme warming events known as Marine Heatwaves (MHW) have increased in frequency and magnitude worldwide, with harmful impacts on coastal ecosystems and human activities (e.g. Frolicher et al., 2018; Oliver et al., 2018; Smale et al., 2019). In the Mediterranean Sea, the rapid sea surface warming trend has been associated to strong increase in Marine Heatwave days, particularily during the past two decades (OSR#3 summary, Bensoussan et al., 2019ab). 

Given the need for high-resolution information over the Mediterranean basin and coastal zone, satellite derived Sea Surface Temperature (SST) has been evaluated to track Mediterranean Marine Heatwaves in Near Real Time (NRT). A multi-products approach has been set up, in which NRT Optimally Interpolated daily SST maps from CMEMS are compared to long-term statistics calculated over the 1982-2011 period at 4 Km horizontal resolution. Marine Heatwave events characterization has been conducted using the approach of Hobdayet al. (2016, 2018) to evaluate their duration, intensity and allow comparison across spatial and temporal scales (e.g. www.marineheatwaves.org/tracker.html). All figures were generated using E.U Copernicus Marine Service Information. Powered by @nat_bensoussan